Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and latitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from sub-tropical to Arctic. Nepal occupying only 0.1% of the total landmass of the earth is home to: • 2% of all the flowering plants in the world • 8% of the world’s population of birds (more than 848 species) • 4% of mammals on earth • 11 of the world’s 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species) • 600 indigenous plant families • 319 species of exotic orchids.
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